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ACCORDING TO the Book of Esther, Haman, royal vizier to King Ahasuerus, planned to kill Jews in the empire, but Esther, who had risen to become Queen of Persia, prevented this. The day of deliverance became a day of feasting and rejoicing.

in 2017 Purim beings on Saturday, March 11 and ends in the evening of Sunday, March 12
Jews celebrate by:
  • Exchanging reciprocal gifts of food and drink, mishloach manot
  • Donating to the poor, mattanot la-evyonim
  • Eating a celebratory meal known as a se'udat Purim
  • Public recitation ("reading of the megillah") of the Scroll of Esther, known as kriat ha-megillah, usually in synagogue
  • Reciting additions, known as Al HaNissim, to the daily prayers and the grace after meals

Other customs include drinking wine or any other alcoholic beverage, wearing masks and costumes, and public celebration.

Purim is celebrated according to the Hebrew calendar on the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Adar (and on Adar II in Hebrew leap years that take place every 2 to 3 years).